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Lesson 1 A private conversation

发布时间:2022/10/1 14:11:07

1. 原文

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2. 参考译文

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3. New words and expressions

★private

  • ① adj. 私人的
    private life 私生活 private school 私立学校
  • ② adj. 普通的 private citizen 普通公民
    I’m a private citizen. (citizen n. 公民)
    private soldier 大兵《Private Ryan》《拯救大兵瑞恩》)
  • public adj. 公众的,公开的(private的反义词)
    public school 公立学校
    public letter 公开信
    public place 公共场所
    privacy n.隐私
    It’s privacy. 这是我的隐私!(不愿让别人知道的)

★conversation n.谈话

  • have a + talk/chat/dialogue/conversation/gossip 名词变动词 conversation 一般用于正式文体中, 内容上往往不正式 subject of conversation 话题
    They are having a conversation.
  • talk 内容可正式可不正式, 也可以私人
    Let’s have a talk.
  • dialogue 对话, 可以指正式国家与国家会谈
    China and Korea are having a dialogue.
  • chat 闲聊,就是北京人说的“侃”,无关紧要的事。
  • gossip 嚼舌头, 说长道短

★theatre n.剧场, 戏剧cinema n.电影院

★seat n.座位

  • have a good seat/place,这里的seat指place(指地点),而不是chair.
  • take a seat/take your seat 坐下来, 就坐
    Is the seat taken? 这个位置有人吗?
  • 请坐的3种说法 :
    Sit down, please. (命令性)
    Take your seat, please.
    Be seated, please. (更礼貌)
  • 作为动词的 seat 与 sit 的区别
    sit(sat,)vi. 就座He is sitting there.他坐在那儿。
    seat vt.让某人就座Seat yourself.
    seat sb. 让某人就坐,后面会加人
    You seat him.你给他找个位置.
    When all those present(到场者) _ D_ he began his lecture. A. sit B. set C. seated D. were seated
    sit down 坐下;be seated=take a seat 就坐

★angry adj. 生气的

★angrily adv. 生气的 angry =cross

  • I was angry. /He was cross.
  • annoyed: 恼火的;
    be blue in the face 脸上突然变色
    I was annoyed.
    I was angry/cross.
    I was very angry.
    I am blue in the face. (脸色都青了,相当生气)

★attention n. 注意

  • Attention ,please. 请注意(口语)
  • pay attention 注意
    pay attention to … 对……注意
    You must pay attention to that girl.
  • pay a little attention 稍加注意
    pay much attention 多加注意
    pay more attention 更多注意
    pay no attention 不用注意
    pay close attention 特别注意

★bear(bore, born) v. 容忍

  • ① vt. 承受,支撑,承担,负担
    Can the ice bear my weight?
    Who will bear the cost? 谁来承担这笔费用?
  • ② vt. 忍受(与can/could连用于疑问及否定句中)
    She eats too fast. I can’t bear to watch/watching her.
    How can you bear living in this place?
    bear =stand =put up with I can’t bear/stand you.
  • endure:忍受,容忍、put up with :忍受
    I got divorced(离婚).I could not put up with him
  • bear/stand/endure 忍受的极限在加大
    bear n.熊 white bear 白熊
    bear hug :热情(热烈)的拥抱give sb. a bear hug

★business n. 事, 生意

  • ① n. 生意
    business man :生意人
    do business: 做生意
    go to some place on business:因公出差
  • ② n. 某人自己的私人的事情
    It’s my business. (指私人的事, 自己处理的事)
    It’s none of your business. 不关你的事。

★rudely adv. 无礼地, 粗鲁地rude adj.

★pay vt. &vi. 支付

  • ① vt. &vi. 支付(价款等)
    You can pay a deposit of thirty pounds… 您可以先付30英镑的定金……
    I’ll pay by installments. 我将分期付款
    (pay…for sth. 花/支付……(钱)买……)
  • ② vt. &vi. 给予(注意等);去(访问)
    They did not pay any attention.
    We paid a visit to our teacher last Sunday.
  • ③ n. 工资,报酬
    I have not received my pay yet.

4. 课文讲解

  • 1、Last week I went to the theatre.
    动词go的原义是离开一个地方去另一个地方,与介词to连用后,常加上主语所要去的目的来代表主语的动作目的。
    go to the +地点 表示去某地干嘛
    go to the theatre = go to the theatre to see a play去剧场看戏go to the cinema =see a film去电影院看电影
    go to the dairy 去牛奶店
    go to the + 人 + 's 表示去这个人开的店
    go to the doctor’s 去看病;go to the butcher’s 买肉
    以下短语中名词前不加冠词:
    go to school 去上学;go to church 去做礼拜;go to hospital(医院) 去看病;go to bed 上床,睡觉;go home(跟home相连一定表无事情可做,回家休息)
    I am at home. 在家休息
  • 2、I had a very good seat.
    seat一般指戏院、汽车等配置的固定座位,也可以抽象地表示“座位”或“位子”等概念。
    the front seat of a car 汽车的前座
    Take a seat, please. 请坐。
  • 3、I did not enjoy it.
    ① enjoy +n. 喜欢,从当中得到一种享受(后面不能跟人I enjoy the music. /the dinner/film/program/game
    ② enjoy oneself/代词 玩的开心
    We always enjoy ourselves.
    ③ enjoy +动名词Jane doesn’t enjoy swimming.
  • 4、I got very angry.
    get在这里有“逐渐变得”的含义,接近become,是个表示过程的动词,表示状态的变化。而I was very angry则仅表示当时的状态是生气,并不暗示过程。
    I am/was angry. 是一个事实、I got angry. 强调变化过程It is hot.、It got hot.
    got取代be动词,got是半系动词,可直接加形容词。
  • 5、I could not hear the actors. I turned round.
    hear+人:听见某人的话
    I could not hear you. Beg your pardon?
    I couldn’t hear you./I couldn’t hear a word./I couldn’t catch your words.
    I couldn’t hear you clearly./I couldn’t catch your words.
    Beg your pardon? /I couldn’t catch your words.
    turn round =turn around 转身
  • 6、In the end, I could not bear it.
    in the end 最后,终于,表示一段较长的时间之后或某种努力之后 She tried hard to finish her homework by herself. In the end, she had to ask her brother for help.
  • 7、I can’t hear a word!
    I can’t hear a word.
    美音:肯定 I can /kæn; kən/ 否定,I can’t /kænt/,它的/t/是吞进去的, 在读音上很难区别, 只能根据上下文来定
    hear a word of sb. (a word 等于一句话)
    He didn’t say a word.
    May I speak to Jim?/May I have a word with Jim?
  • 8、It’s none of your business.
    one’s business 指某人(所关心的或份内)的事
    It’s none of your business./None of your business./It’s my business. 不关你的事。
    It is my business to look after your health.
    none相当于not any或no one,但语气较强。
    She kept none of his letters. none of 这个短语有时可以表达一种断然、甚至粗暴的口气,尤其是在祈使句中:None of your silly remarks! 别说傻话了!

5. Key structures

简单陈述句的语序
陈述句一定是有主语,有动词,有宾语,有句号
1 .主语,一般由名词、代词或名词短语构成,通常位于动词之前,动词必须与主语一致,即主语决定动词的单复数形式

2 .谓语,由动词充当

3 .宾语,一般为名词、代词或名词短语

4 .副词或介词短语,对方式或状态提问,往往做状语 I like her very much

5 .地点状语,一般在方式副词之后,时间副词之前

6 .时间状语,可以放在句首或句末

简单陈述句一定不能少的是主语, 谓语.
如果问何时何地,是一个固定搭配 when and where

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