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zabbix监控详解

发布时间:2022/9/6 6:23:51

zabbix监控详解


目录
  • zabbix监控详解
    • linux进行部署agentd
    • 创建监控主机
    • 创建主机组并加入主机
    • 添加监控项
    • 添加触发器
    • 添加媒介(email方式)
    • 添加动作

本章是基于zabbix的基础使用和监控服务zabbix部署基础之上.
本章进行的操作是zabbix监控linux,windows以及配置邮件告警

环境 IP 要安装的服务
服务器 192.168.222.250 lamp架构
zabbix server
zabbix agent
客户端 192.168.222.251 zabbix agent

linux进行部署agentd

zabbix客户端部署
zabbix6.2源码包

[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/local/etc/
[root@localhost etc]# useradd -rMs /sbin/nologin zabbix
//创建zabbix用户
[root@localhost etc]# cd /usr/src/
[root@localhost src]# wget https://cdn.zabbix.com/zabbix/sources/stable/6.2/zabbix-6.2.2.tar.gz
//下载源码包
[root@localhost src]# ls
debug  kernels  zabbix-6.2.2.tar.gz
[root@localhost src]# tar xf zabbix-6.2.2.tar.gz  //解压
[root@localhost src]# cd zabbix-6.2.2/
[root@localhost zabbix-6.2.2]# dnf -y install openssl-devel pcre-devel expat-devel gcc gcc-c++ make
//安装依赖包
[root@localhost zabbix-6.2.2]# ./configure --enable-agent
//编译
....
***********************************************************
*            Now run 'make install'                       *
*                                                         *
*            Thank you for using Zabbix!                  *
*              <http://www.zabbix.com>                    *
***********************************************************
[root@localhost zabbix-6.2.2]# make install
//安装
[root@localhost zabbix-6.2.2]# cd /usr/local/etc/
[root@localhost etc]# ls
zabbix_agentd.conf  zabbix_agentd.conf.d
[root@localhost etc]# vim zabbix_agentd.conf
//修改配置文件
Server=192.168.222.250   //服务端ip
ServerActive=192.168.222.250  //服务端ip
Hostname=Zabbix xbz  //zabbix系统内主机名,可自定义,但要确保唯一性
[root@localhost etc]# ldconfig  //刷新配置
[root@localhost etc]# zabbix_agentd  //启动zabbix_agentd
[root@localhost etc]# ss -antl   //查看端口
State     Recv-Q    Send-Q         Local Address:Port          Peer Address:Port    Process    
LISTEN    0         128                  0.0.0.0:10050              0.0.0.0:*                  
LISTEN    0         128                  0.0.0.0:22                 0.0.0.0:*                  
LISTEN    0         128                     [::]:22                    [::]:*                  

创建监控主机

点击右上角的创建

设置好后点右下角的添加

创建主机组并加入主机



添加监控项

用模板方式添加


此处需要关闭客户端的防火墙

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl stop firewalld.service 
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/selinux/config 
[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/selinux/config 

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
#     enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
#     permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
#     disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX= disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these three values:
#     targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
#     minimum - Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected. 
#     mls - Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted


[root@localhost ~]# systemctl status firewalld.service 
● firewalld.service - firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/firewalld.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: inactive (dead) since Mon 2022-09-05 22:26:01 CST; 34s ago
     Docs: man:firewalld(1)
  Process: 634412 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/firewalld --nofork --nopid $FIREWALLD_ARGS (code=exited,>
 Main PID: 634412 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

Sep 05 21:54:24 localhost systemd[1]: Starting firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon...
Sep 05 21:54:25 localhost systemd[1]: Started firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon.
Sep 05 21:54:25 localhost firewalld[634412]: WARNING: AllowZoneDrifting is enabled. This is co>
Sep 05 22:26:01 localhost systemd[1]: Stopping firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon...
Sep 05 22:26:01 localhost systemd[1]: firewalld.service: Succeeded.
Sep 05 22:26:01 localhost systemd[1]: Stopped firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon.


此外已经在进行监控
手动添加监控项
我们可以先在被监控端创建一个测试的文件

[root@localhost ~]# touch /tmp/xbz




查看监控数据



测试:修改一下文件

[root@localhost ~]# echo "xxx" >> /tmp/xbz 

刷新查看
可以看到value发生了改变

添加触发器

开始添加一个监控文件的触发器


选择错误级别添加



点击添加,然后找到刚添加的触发器,可以看到触发器已经启动

再查看监控项,已经有了触发器

进行测试

[root@localhost ~]# echo "333" >> /tmp/xbz 
//修改/tmp/xbz文件

查看数据

查看主页告警信息

添加媒介(email方式)

如果想实现邮箱告警的话,需要添加媒介

这里用网易126邮箱作为演示:
设置——常规设置

BCKKTNWDZOMCXJOS

开启后会获得一个授权密码,这个授权密码要保存下来,后面会用到


这媒介想要通过哪个用户进行邮件发送,发送给谁?




添加动作


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