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Django admin InlineModelAdmin

发布时间:2022/9/14 15:56:12
InlineModelAdmin
class InlineModelAdmin
class TabularInline
class StackedInline

举例,有两个Model:

from django.db import models

class Author(models.Model):
   name = models.CharField(max_length=100)

class Book(models.Model):
   author = models.ForeignKey(Author)
   title = models.CharField(max_length=100)

如果想在Author页面上编辑book:


from django.contrib import admin

class BookInline(admin.TabularInline):
    model = Book

class AuthorAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    inlines = [
        BookInline,
    ]

Django提供了两个InlineModelAdmin的子类:

TabularInline
StackedInline
区别在于使用的模板。

InlineModelAdmin options选项
InlineModelAdmin和ModelAdmin共通的options有:

form
fieldsets
fields
formfield_overrides
exclude
filter_horizontal
filter_vertical
ordering
prepopulated_fields
get_queryset()
radio_fields
readonly_fields
raw_id_fields
formfield_for_choice_field()
formfield_for_foreignkey()
formfield_for_manytomany()
has_add_permission()
has_change_permission()
has_delete_permission()

额外增加的options有:

InlineModelAdmin.model
inline使用的model,必需。

InlineModelAdmin.fk_name
model的name,当有多个外键时使用。

InlineModelAdmin.formset
缺省BaseInlineFormSet。

InlineModelAdmin.form
缺省ModelForm。当创建formset时传递给inlineformset_factory()。

InlineModelAdmin.extra
inline的额外数目。

InlineModelAdmin.get_extra()也返回inline的额外数目。

InlineModelAdmin.max_num
可展示得最大数目。

InlineModelAdmin.get_max_num()也返回此数字。

InlineModelAdmin.min_num
可展示的最小数目。

InlineModelAdmin.get_min_num()也返回此数目。

InlineModelAdmin.raw_id_fields
同ModelAdmin。

class BookInline(admin.TabularInline):
    model = Book
    raw_id_fields = ("pages",)

InlineModelAdmin.template
使用的模板。

InlineModelAdmin.verbose_name
覆盖meta class中的verbose_name。

InlineModelAdmin.verbose_name_plural
同上

InlineModelAdmin.can_delete
默认为True。

InlineModelAdmin.get_formset(request, obj=None, **kwargs)
参考ModelAdmin.get_formsets_with_inlines.

InlineModelAdmin.get_extra(request, obj=None, **kwargs)

class BinaryTreeAdmin(admin.TabularInline):
    model = BinaryTree

    def get_extra(self, request, obj=None, **kwargs):
        extra = 2
        if obj:
            return extra - obj.binarytree_set.count()
        return extra
InlineModelAdmin.get_max_num(request, obj=None, **kwargs)

class BinaryTreeAdmin(admin.TabularInline):
    model = BinaryTree

    def get_max_num(self, request, obj=None, **kwargs):
        max_num = 10
        if obj.parent:
            return max_num - 5
        return max_num
InlineModelAdmin.get_min_num(request, obj=None, **kwargs)

见上。

多个 ForeignKey链向同一个Model的情况
如果有多个foreign keys:

from django.db import models

class Friendship(models.Model):
    to_person = models.ForeignKey(Person, related_name="friends")
    from_person = models.ForeignKey(Person, related_name="from_friends")

展示其中一个:

from django.contrib import admin
from myapp.models import Friendship

class FriendshipInline(admin.TabularInline):
    model = Friendship
    fk_name = "to_person"

class PersonAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    inlines = [
        FriendshipInline,
    ]
Working with many-to-many models

model例子:

from django.db import models

class Person(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=128)

class Group(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=128)
    members = models.ManyToManyField(Person, related_name='groups')

inlines展示:

from django.contrib import admin

class MembershipInline(admin.TabularInline):
    model = Group.members.through

class PersonAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    inlines = [
        MembershipInline,
    ]

class GroupAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    inlines = [
        MembershipInline,
    ]
    exclude = ('members',)
Note:

第一 , the MembershipInline类指向Group.members.through. The through attribute指向管理the many-to-many关系的数据库. 

第二,, the GroupAdmin 必须排除the members字段.

Working with many-to-many intermediary models
明确指出中间model的例子:

from django.db import models

class Person(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=128)

class Group(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=128)
    members = models.ManyToManyField(Person, through='Membership')

class Membership(models.Model):
    person = models.ForeignKey(Person)
    group = models.ForeignKey(Group)
    date_joined = models.DateField()
    invite_reason = models.CharField(max_length=64)
第一步:

class MembershipInline(admin.TabularInline):
    model = Membership
    extra = 1
第二步:

class PersonAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    inlines = (MembershipInline,)

class GroupAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    inlines = (MembershipInline,)
第三步:

`admin.site.register(Person, PersonAdmin)
admin.site.register(Group, GroupAdmin)
Using generic relations as an inline`
一个inline with generically related objects例子:

from django.db import models
from django.contrib.contenttypes.fields import GenericForeignKey

class Image(models.Model):
    image = models.ImageField(upload_to="images")
    content_type = models.ForeignKey(ContentType)
    object_id = models.PositiveIntegerField()
    content_object = GenericForeignKey("content_type", "object_id")

class Product(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=100)
如果想在Product add/change页面上编辑Image实例,可以使用GenericTabularInline或GenericStackedInline:

from django.contrib import admin
from django.contrib.contenttypes.admin import GenericTabularInline

from myproject.myapp.models import Image, Product

class ImageInline(GenericTabularInline):
    model = Image

class ProductAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    inlines = [
        ImageInline,
    ]

admin.site.register(Product, ProductAdmin)
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